The Indian government is divided into two parts the local government and the central government. Panchayat is the part of the local government. Panchayati Raj is the government at the village level that takes care of all needs of the villagers. Let us know more about panchayat! Geographical area, and Literacy rate of village

Geographical area, and Literacy rate of village

Nearest Town Of

Mukhiya of Panchayat Block
Sarpanch of Panchayat Block

Panchayati raj treemap Zila parisad-district level
Panchayati Raj TreeMap
Panchayat is Located in Block of district in Bihar, India.

India – Local Government – Panchayati Raj System

The term ‘panchayat raj’ is relatively new, having originated during the British administration. ‘Raj’ literally means governance or government. Mahatma Gandhi advocated the Panchayati Raj, a decentralized form of Government where each village is responsible for its own affairs, as the foundation of India’s political system. His term for such a vision was “Gram Swaraj” (Village Self-governance).

When adopted Panchayati Raj

It was adopted by state governments during the 1950s and 60s as laws were passed to establish Panchayats in various states. It also found backing in the Indian Constitution, with the 73rd amendment in 1992 to accommodate the idea.

The Amendment Act of 1992 contains provision for devolution of powers and responsibilities to the panchayats to both for preparation of plans for economic development and social justice and for implementation in relation to twenty-nine subjects listed in the eleventh schedule of the constitution.

Contact Number of Panchayat Mukhiya/Pradhan Block
Voter list of Panchayat
Today News of Panchayat Block
Ward List of Panchayat Block
Website of Panchayat Block

The panchayats receive funds from three sources –

  • (i) local body grants, as recommended by the Central Finance Commission
  • (ii) funds for implementation of centrally-sponsored schemes, and
Complete directory of Land Regions/Revenue, Rural and Urban Local Governments
Complete directory of Land Regions/Revenue, Rural and Urban Local Governments

Panchayat Details

Villages in Ahiasa Gram Panchayat

Concept of Gram Sabha

Basically, all the people in a village who are of whatever age and are registered as voters form the concept of a group for the welfare of the village which is known as Gram Sabha. So a meeting of all the adults who live in an area covered by a panchayat is called a Gram Sabha. This could be only one village or few villages.

Yojana of Panchayat Block
BDO of Panchayat Block
VDO of Panchayat Block

What Does The Gram Panchayat Comprise of?

Each village is divided into smaller units called Wards. Each ward selects or elects a representative who is known as the Ward Member Or Panch. All the members of the Gram Sabah also elect a Sarpanch who is the president of the Panchayat.

Blocks of Panchayat
Pradhan of Panchayat
Anchala adhikari of Panchayat
BPRO of Panchayat
MO of Panchayat
BEO of Panchayat
Zilla of Panchayat

It comprises of the Sarpanch and the Panch which is elected for 5 years. Gram panchayat has a Secretary who is also the secretary of the Gram Sabah. This person is not an elected person but is appointed by the government. He is responsible for calling the meetings of the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat and keep a record of the proceedings.

Railway Station of Panchayat Block
Bus Stand of Panchayat Block
Sabji Mandi in Panchayat Block
Playground in Panchayat Block
Park in Panchayat Block
Machhali Market in Panchayat Block

Discussion under Gram Panchayat

In the Gram Panchayat, various issues are discussed like

  • Social issues
  • Water problem
  • BPL benefits
  • Tracking misuse of money, and
  • The undue favour done to a group of people

Sources of Fund for Panchayat

  • Collection of taxes on houses, marketplaces
  • Government scheme funds for the betterment of the village received by Janpads and Zila Panchayats.
  • Donations for community works etc.
See also  samvidhan kya hai?

For example, if a village is having water problem what will be the alternative ways to develop. Different panch will come with different ideas like using the hand pump, checking dams and rainwater harvesting methods, making tube-wells or wells in the village. Now the Gram Sabha will select the best idea and try to work on it.

PACS in Panchayat Block
History of Panchayat Block
Agriculture in Panchayat Block
Industry in Panchayat Block

Thus the Gram Sabha is a key factor in making the gram panchayat to play its role and be responsible. It is the place where all plans for the work of the gram panchayat are placed before the people. Gram Sabha prevents the panchayat from doing wrong things like misuse of money for favouring certain people. It also keeps an eye on the elected representatives and in making them responsible to the persons who elected them.

For example, many people who are below poverty line and really in the need of BPL facilities, many times are not able to avail the facility just because of the corrupt people. At that time by keeping a track on the misuse of money and the undue favour done to certain people, Gram Panchayat plays an important role.

Local Business in Panchayat Block
Police Stations in Panchayat Block
Doctors in Panchayat Block
Hospitals / Clinics in Panchayat Block

The Work of the Gram Panchayat includes: 

  • Maintenance and construction of water resources, roads, drainage, School buildings and CPR (common property resources).
  • Levy and collect local taxes.
  • Execute government schemes related to employment.

Hierarchy of Panchayati Raj system

As we saw that panchayat system works as various Ward Sabha or Gram Sabha.  This Gram Sabha is headed by the Gaon Panchayat at village level and looks after the village level responsibilities.

Then we have Anchalik/ Janpad / Block or Panchayat Samiti at the block level. At the block level, we have a BDO officer who looks after a group of villages.

Banks in Panchayat Block
Pin Code of Panchayat Block
Hotels / Dharmshala in Panchayat Block
Restaurants in Panchayat Block

For example, let say if the region is having 10 villages and all those 10 villages are looked after by the Block Development Officer who is in-charge of all these 10 villages and all these 10-gram panchayats are answerable to the Panchayat Samiti.

And finally, we have Zilla Parishad at the district level. All the Block Development Officers are answerable to the Zilla Parishad or the body at the district level. The Zilla Parishad actually makes the developmental plan at the district level with the help of Panchayat Samiti.

Based on the Indian Constitution this panchayat has its own laws. The main idea is to provide more and more space for people to participate and raise their voices in the villages to bring development in the country.

Question For You

Q1. Write the main functions of Gram Panchayat?

Ans: Main functions of the Gram Panchayat are:

  • Maintenance and construction of water resources, roads, drainage, School buildings and CPR (common property resources).
  • Levy and collect local taxes.
  • Execute government schemes related to employment.

Q2. Name the three levels of the Panchayat.

Ans: The three levels are:

  • Gaon Panchayat at the village level
  • Anchalik/ Janpad / Block or Panchayat Samiti at the block level
  • Zilla Parishad at the district level

Clinics/Medical Facilities In Panchayat

The village panchayat has various kinds of duties to perform and these include providing safe and clean drinking water, developing of child and women, provision for small-scale and village industries and endless other similar options. But one of the most vital functions of the Panchayat is to provide the villagers with various kinds of medical facilities.

Petrol Pumps in Panchayat Block
Coaching Institutes / Tuition in Panchayat Block
Schools in Panchayat Block

These facilities can be provided through options like clinics which are set up in various villages. Due to the limitation on population and sources of funds, it is not possible for all villages to have hospitals with advanced features but there are options through which the panchayat can set up a clinic or clinics in their village for the welfare of the people.

Pharmacies in Panchayat

The villages across India are suffering from problems with medical facilities and medication and the main reason for the same is the lack of doctors and other experienced medical personnel to guide through the situation.

But the panchayat of the states and district levels have made tremendous efforts to improve the conditions of the people in their villages and provide them with medical aid also. Basically, the idea behind the setting up of clinics in these areas can only be successful if the villages have a well-maintained medical storage system and pharmacies.

See also  Barimal Village in Aurangabad, Bihar

Even if the doctor is present and there are no medications or chemists available then there are no benefits of having the same. Hence in an attempt to ensure drastic measures for checking and controlling epidemics, the panchayats have encouraged the setting up of various pharmacies in the villages.

Panchayat Marketplace

Corruption and crime have increased in all avenues of life and the poor people are often the ones who are deprived of various opportunities and rights because of the same. To overcome these problems suffered by people and to ensure that all people are provided commodities at fair prices the Panchayats have what is called a Panchayat Marketplace.

At this marketplace, all the people of the village and from the neighbouring villages also, get together to sell their goods and commodities. This marketplace is usually held once a week or a month, depending upon the area where the same is held and also on the needs of the people.

Empowering Rural India

Governments have been emphassing economic development by ensuring growth rates of seven-eight per cent annually, enhancing the welfare of farmers and workers and unleashing the creativity of entrepreneurs, scientists, and engineers. This opportunity must be fully utilised to bridge the rural-urban divide, using knowledge as a tool. As such, I would like to focus on “Empowering Rural India.”

Colleges in Panchayat Block
Cinema Halls / Theatres in Panchayat Block
NGO in Panchayat Block

In June 2005, when I visited Nagapattinam, I saw the Village Resource Centre established by the Tata Tsunami Relief Committee in association with the MS Swaminathan Research Foundation at Akkaraipettai.

Speaking to the young members operating the system, I found they were helping locals by imparting education through computers, helping the Self Help Group Members to maintain their accounts, and providing weather and sea state forecast data.

Panchayat Businesses/Programs

There are different kinds of Panchayat programs implemented by the government of various states. These programs are implemented keeping in mind the financial and social condition of the area and the efforts of the members of the Panchayat also.

There are various kinds of groups from different parts of the State coming together at various Panchayats so that they can improve business and trade in the area and also involve the youth in the development of the same.

Temples in Panchayat Block
Mosques in Panchayat Block
Churches in Panchayat Block

Various Panchayat leaders and representatives of youth clubs, functioning under the umbrella of the government and formulate various kinds of plans to improvise the economical situation of the area. Efforts are also made to tie up different self-help groups and individual entrepreneurs from various districts and villages to promote rural-oriented businesses.

Panchayat Services

The duty of the village and district panchayats are not restricted to the development and administration of the economy but it also spreads to various avenues like the development of the social and functional abilities of the people living in the jurisdiction, improvement of health and sanitation conditions and also improvement in the overall educational and vocational capacity of these villages.

The Panchayats have been vested with various kinds of legal duties that need to perform and amongst these duties is also the need to perform various other kinds of activities which help the welfare of the people. These services are not the legal duties of these panchayats but they are vital for the development of the abilities of the people of the village. There are various moral obligations and service factors which the panchayat should commence and these also include improvement in the lifestyle of the villagers.

Panchayat Events

The Panchayat in India has been given powers and responsibilities at various levels and one of the most vital ones includes the management of events and related festivities and functions. The responsibilities delegated to Panchayats at the appropriate level include the planning for economic development and social justice along with implementing the various schemes for economic development and social justice.

This responsibility has been given as per the 29 subjects in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution. The Panchayat is also liable for the collection of the taxes, duties and tolls and ensures they are levied and collected in a fair and just manner.

See also

Panchayat Families

There are thousands of Panchayats in a huge country like India but the criteria for rating the Panchayat as good or bad is done on the basis of the services that they perform. There are about 400 to 1500 families covered under each Gram Panchayat and this segregation is done on the basis of the number of houses, which constitutes a single family.

An important consideration here is that the number of families covered by each family also takes into account the number of family members. There are some Panchayats where the numbers of families are less but the number of people in each family is more and thus there is an increase in the population of the village.

Usually, the Panchayat that has covered the maximum number of un-electrified households by Solar Lanterns, SPV Home Lighting Systems and SPV Street Lighting Systems, is considered to be efficient as these are essential for meeting lighting energy needs for most families.

Panchayat Health

The term Panchayats implies the assembly of five wise people. In India, the Panchayat has been an age-old institution for governance at the village level. As per the 73rd Constitutional Amendment, PRI also known as the Panchayati Raj Institutions were strengthened with more areas of jurisdiction and authority and funds.

These PRIs had also been assigned the task of several development activities like health and population stabilization in the rural areas. The Gram Panchayat is one of the most vital authorities that are responsible for the health and sanitation areas of the villages.

These Panchayats also have the Gram Sabha, which acts as a community-level accountability mechanism. This also ensures that the functions of the PRI respond to people’s needs and that their needs are taken care of.

Panchayat Library

The panchayat is one of the most grass root levels of government authorities and it is also one of the rare groups, which communicates directly to the people also. Hence there is a certain amount of vigilance and alertness levels which the panchayat should maintain as a legal authority.

For these references and queries related to the people, the government has made provisions for the setting up of libraries across the country. These libraries are the centres of learning for the people of the village and also for the gram panchayat.

Panchayats Complaints

There are various kinds of complaint matters and issues which are related to the Panchayats. Complaints regarding the Panchayats are not always related to the members of the Panchayat but also include the complaint list of the villagers, complaints against various welfare programs or educational programs held by the Panchayat and even the complaints of the members of the Panchayat against the government or any other organization.

Temples in Panchayat Block
Mosques in Panchayat Block
Churches in Panchayat Block

But the Panchayats tackle these problems in various ways and ensure that the complaints of all their people are registered with the Panchayat and action against the same is taken. The Panchayat maintains a list of the various complaints which are registered with them and also categorizes them on the basis of their priority and the duration or tenure since the complaint has been laying with them.

Panchayat Surveys

There are various kinds of surveys carried out by the state and the Central government to check on the working of the Panchayats and to keep a track of their jurisdiction. These surveys help the government and the Panchayats to see if their implemented welfare programs and educational programs are providing the villagers with any results or advantages.

These surveys are also vital for keeping crime and corruption in check because there are instances where the villagers have been denied various kinds of rights on the basis of religion or social status.

Panchayat Photos

Often the gram and village Panchayats organize various kinds of events and welfare programs. These programs are not done for the general health and care of the people of the village and also for improving the social abilities and interaction skills of the villagers through these events.

There are various events, which are held on big-scale budgets while there are some which are held on small-scale budgets. But most Panchayats keep a track of these events and save these memories through photographs and pictures.

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